plan vegetable

10 Steps to Plant a Vegetable Garden

Before eating individual garden vegetables, I will outline common cultivation practices, which apply to everyone.

The objectives of cultivation are threefold: to remove weeds, and to stimulate growth by: (1) letting air into the soil and removing unavailable plant food, and (2) maintaining moisture.

Regarding weeds, there is no need to tell the gardener, whatever the experience, of the importance of keeping his plants clean. He learned from the bitter and expensive experience of letting them start something. He knew that a day or two of growth, once good, and could be followed by a day or so of rain, could easily double or triple the work of cleaning up a patch of onions or carrots, if weeds reached any size that could not be removed from the cultivated crop. a lot of damage.

Vegetable Garden

He also realized, or should have been, that daily growth simply meant plenty of plant-based food stolen from its legitimate plant roots.

Instead of letting weeds out of the vegetarian diet, it should be more complete, because clean and frequent planting will not only damage the soil mechanically, but also allow air, moisture and heat to enter, all of which are necessary to bring about chemical changes. those needed for conversion are not readily available in the available plant foods. Long before science was discovered in this case, soil farmers were learning by observation the need to keep the soil well loose about the crops they were growing. Even the emaciated and uneducated natives realized that defamation not only placed a bad fish under a mound of corn, but also threw a shovel of its shell over it.

Plants need to breathe. The roots need air. You might as well expect to find a gleam of happiness on the cheeks of a downy boy working in a cotton mill as you might expect to see the sumptuous deep green of healthy plant life in a sultry garden.

As important as the matter of air, water is on its side. You may not see at first what frequent planting has to do with water. But let’s take a moment and have a look at it. Take a sheet of wax paper, dip one end in the water, watch the moisture rise up the hill, and soak it through the stain. Scientists describe the “capillary lure” of water creeping through tiny, invisible tubes made of stain tissue. Now take a similar cut, trim it, hold both ends of the cut firmly, and try again. Moisture refuses to cross the line: The connection is lost.

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In the same way, water that is stored in the ground after it rains immediately begins to escape back into the atmosphere. The ones on the surface evaporate first, and what we soak begins to seep through the soil to the surface. It leaves your garden, through millions of earthen tubes, like you would have a two-inch canister and a petrol engine, pumping it down the gutters day and night! Save your lawn by stopping waste.

It is the easiest thing in the world to cut a tube in half. By repeatedly planting no more than an inch or two of topsoil for most of the young vegetables, soil tubes are kept damaged, and dust mulch is preserved. Try to check every section of your yard, especially in an area that is not shaded, once every ten days or fortnight. Does this look like a lot of work? You can push the wheel shovel, thus keeping the dust mulch as permanent protection, as fast as you can walk. If you wait for the weeds, you will almost have to crawl, do more or less damage by disturbing your growing plants, losing all the plant food (and they will take the cream) they consume, and in fact taking longer hours. rather than a very evil act. If a beginner in horticulture is unsure of the facts presented, then there is only one thing left to convince him to experiment.

Having left a lot of room for the causes of constant care in this matter, questions about the method follow naturally. Get a shovel. The simplest type will not only save you an unlimited amount of time and effort, but will also do the job much better, much better than what can be done manually. You can grow good vegetables, especially if your garden is very small, without any of these labor-savers, but I can assure you that you will never regret the slight investment it took to buy them.

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With a shovel, the job of preserving mulch becomes very simple. If a person does not have a hoe, then For a small area, very fast work can be done with a tree trowel.

The problem of keeping weeds clear of rows and between plants in rows cannot be resolved quickly. If manual work is required, do it immediately. Here are some practical suggestions that will keep this work to a minimum,

  1. Do this job while the ground is smooth; When the soil starts to dry out after the rain is the best time. Under these conditions, weeds will pull up from the roots, without breaking.
  2. Immediately before weeding, sprinkle the rows with a wheel shovel, cut shallowly, but as close as possible, leaving a clearly visible narrow strip that must be removed by hand. The best tools for this purpose are a double trowel with a disc attached, or a trowel for larger plants.
  3. Make sure not only weeds are removed but every inch of soil surface is damaged. Destroying weeds that have just sprouted is as important as removing large weeds. One weed slash or one finger will destroy a hundred weed seedlings in less than one weed can be uprooted after a good start.
  4. Use hand weeding until you are proficient. Not only can more work be done but the fingers will be saved from unnecessary wear and tear.

Skillful use of the wheel shovel can only be obtained with practice. The first thing to learn is that you only need to pay attention to the wheels: the blades, discs or pistons will work on their own.

The “hill” process is to pull the soil around the growing stalk of a plant, usually during the second or third grafting. The hill is traditionally practiced on everything that awe “even the eyebrows”, but is gradually being removed from the so-called “level culture”. And you will easily see why from what has been said about the moisture coming out of the ground; Of course, the top two sides of the mound, which can be represented by an equilateral triangle with one horizontal side, provide a more open surface than the flat surface represented by the base. In moist or seasonal soils, backfilling may be desirable, but rarely the opposite. An additional disadvantage is that it is difficult to maintain highly desirable soil mulch.

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Crop Rotation

Another thing to consider for each green plant to do its best is rotating the plants, or following a different type of vegetable for the next planting.

With a few vegetables, like cabbage, it’s almost a must-have, and almost everyone helps out. Even onions, which are generally considered to be a definite exception to the rule, are healthier, and do well after some other crops, as long as the soil is as fertile and rich as the previous onion crops.

crop rotation

Here are the basic rules for crop rotation:

  • Plants from the same vegetables or vegetables from the same family (such as kale and cabbage) must not follow each other.
  • The feeding of vegetables near the surface, such as corn, must follow deeply rooted plants.
  • Vines or leaf plants must follow the roots of the plant.
  • Fast growing plants must keep up with those who occupy the land all season long.

These are the principles which should define the courses to be followed in individual cases. The correct way to deal with this is when developing a planting plan. You’ll have time to get it right, and you won’t have to think about it for a year.

With the above suggestions in mind, and applying them, it is not difficult to give plants the special attention they need so that they can do their best.

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